A Review Analysis of Optimal Velocity Models

Authors

  • Hajar Lazar
    Affiliation

    Faculty of Sciences Rabat GSCM -LRIT Laboratry Associate Unit to CNRST (URAC 29) Mohammed V University Rabat B.P. 1014 Morocco

  • Khadija Rhoulami
    Affiliation

    Faculty of Sciences Rabat GSCM -LRIT Laboratry Associate Unit to CNRST (URAC 29) Mohammed V University Rabat B.P. 1014 Morocco

  • Driss Rahmani
    Affiliation

    Faculty of Sciences Rabat GSCM -LRIT Laboratry Associate Unit to CNRST (URAC 29) Mohammed V University Rabat B.P. 1014 Morocco

https://doi.org/10.3311/PPtr.8753

Abstract

To understand traffic behavior, we require a thorough knowledge of traffic stream parameters and their mutual relationships. This relationship between the traffic parameters results many researches yielded many mathematical models named Traffic flow models. This paper presents an overview of two great approaches of traffic flow: macroscopic and microscopic models. We aim to provide an historical overview of the development of microscopic models, particularly car-following models which are fundamental in the replication of traffic flow and thus they have received considerable attention. In this work, we present a survey of recent researches based on the optimal velocity model proposed by Bando and we discuss the capability of these models, their strong points and also their weakness.

Keywords:

Car-following models; Traffic flow; Microscopic models; Macroscopic models; Optimal velocity model

Published Online

2016-04-11

How to Cite

Lazar, H., Rhoulami, K., Rahmani, D. (2016) “A Review Analysis of Optimal Velocity Models”, Periodica Polytechnica Transportation Engineering, 44(2), pp. 123–131. https://doi.org/10.3311/PPtr.8753

Issue

Section

Articles